*

Episode 2 – Wild Archaeology

Sept. 13, 2016

7:30pm (ET) (MT) (HD)

Sept. 17, 2016

1:00pm (ET) (MT) (PT) (HD)

Land of The Giants

Wamanica Tanka Makoce

Episode 2 Synopsis

Jen and Jacob fly to Whitehorse to learn from an esteemed Palaeontologist about the wooly mammoths, giant beavers and other megafauna that co-existed with the Ancient Peoples of the Yukon. Then they venture further north with Dr. Rudy to join their first dig at Little John, one of the most exciting archaeological hotspots of the western sub Arctic.

Wamanica Tanka Makoce

Whitehorse hetkiya, Jen, Jacob kci kiyan iyayapi. Hed huhu owaunspe wicasta wan kci waecunpi kte. Kci pute hanska, capa tanka q’a tahca wamanica hena iwohdakapi kte.Tokedked he ikce wicasta kci nipi kin unspeicicyapi kte. Ehanna ikce wicastapi Yukon etanhan ed unspeic’iciyapi kte.

Dr. Grant Zazula
Palaeontologist, Yukon Beringia Interpretive Centre

Dr. Zazula’s research focuses on the history of the flora and fauna of ice-age Beringia, its early occupation in the Pleistocene, and uses ancient DNA recovered from the permafrost to exploit emerging scientific methods for study and research.

Dr. Grant Zazula
Wamanica Huhu Wayupike, Yukon Beringia Owaunspe Tipi

Owaunspe kin Dr. Zazula yuhe kin he wiconi tahca huhu kin makoce caga Beringia etanhan inyan suta kiye wowapi ed kage. Takunkun maka etanhan k’a pi kin hena owaunspe hed ohna tanyanh wayaka pi hehan taku owas owapi.

What’s the difference between an Archaeologist and a Palaeontologist?

Tokedked he Makoce Owaunspe qa Wamanica Huhu Owaunspe toktokce hen?

Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life existent prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch roughly 11,700 years before present. It includes the study of fossils to determine organisms’ evolution and interactions with each other and their environments (their paleoecology). 

Paleontology lies on the border between biology and geology, but differs from archaeology in that it excludes the study of anatomically modern humans. It now uses techniques drawn from a wide range of sciences, including biochemistry, mathematics and engineering. Use of all these techniques has enabled paleontologists to discover much of the evolutionary history of life, almost all the way back to when Earth became capable of supporting life, about 3,800 million years ago.

Body fossils and trace fossils are the principal types of evidence about ancient life, and geochemical evidence has helped to decipher the evolution of life before there were organisms large enough to leave body fossils. Estimating the dates of these remains is essential but difficult: sometimes adjacent rock layers allow radiometric dating, but more often paleontologists have to rely on relative dating by solving the “jigsaw puzzles” of biostratigraphy.

In Wikipedia

Omaka kiktopa nunge ake wanji itokab ocib anpetu kin de, wiconi owaunspe kin hetanhan wowapi kaga pi sni hehan.  Holocene Epoch tokapa huhu ehana iyeya pi kin owasina hena tanyan wowapi akan ehnaka pi.

Omaka Ehana Iwohdaka pi Owounspe he tacan ed wayaka pi qa makoce wayaka pi.  Makoce Owaunspe tokce.  Owaunspe kin he tacan kin anpetu kin de tanyan he wayaka pi.  Owaunspe unspeicic’i ya pi iyohpiya oniya qa tacan tokedked iyopte kin qa taku iyopte owaunspe.  Dena omaka ehana iwohdakapi owounspe wiconi makoce teca kin he ahan tokedked Wakan Tanka makoce kin kage hed wayaka pi kta.  Omaka kiktopa nunge yamni som sahdoga opaunge hetan.

Tacan inyan qa wato inyan wiconi ehana wayaka pi okihipi.  Taku iyeya pi kin hena tokedked wiconi wicoh’an aku.  Wiconi ehana makoce mini p’oze hehan heca un he taku ota owe yanke.  Tohanya taku maka ohna yakekin tohantu ca tohanya hed yanke kin otehike.  Tohantu ca inyan pagdaya yanke kin hena tokedked Wiconi Owaunspe tokedked ed wayaka pte tehikte secece.

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture. The archaeological record consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes. Archaeology can be considered both a social science and a branch of the humanities. In North America, archaeology is considered a sub-field of anthropology, while in Europe archaeology is often viewed as either a discipline in its own right or a sub-field of other disciplines.

Archaeologists study human prehistory and history, from the development of the first stone tools at Lomekwi, eastern Africa, 3.3 million years ago up until recent decades. Archaeology as a field is distinct from the discipline of paleontology, the study of fossil remains. Archaeology is particularly important for learning about prehistoric societies, for whom there may be no written records to study. Prehistory includes over 99% of the human past, from the Paleolithic until the advent of literacy in societies across the world. Archaeology has various goals, which range from understanding culture history to reconstructing past lifeways to documenting and explaining changes in human societies through time.

The discipline involves surveying, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past.

In Wikipedia

Makoce Owaunspe kin he Ikce Wicasta pi kin toked nin pi kin is ed wayake pi.  Maka ed ok’ok’ogapi heced ohna wiconi ic’ikaga pi wayaka pi.  Makoce ed wayaka pi kin takomni wowapi kaga pi, otipi kin tokedked wihnipi qa oniya iyohpiya wayaka pi.  Wicoh’an yuha nakun wowapi nanku kaga pi.  Makoce Owaunspe kin hena nankun wo-oyate ici oni pi hed nankun ed wayakapi.  Kaya makoce ed Makoce Owaunspe is Ikce Wicasta pi kin hed tanyan wayaka pi.  Unspeiciciya pi.  Mini Tanka akasam heciya is Makoce Owaunspe kin hed hanhaya ed wayaka pi sni.

Makoce Owaunspe Wisasta pi kin tokedked Ikce Wicasta pi kin nin pi kin ed wayakapi.  Inyan etahan taku hena kaga pi (wihni pi kin yuha un) Lomekwi, wasicu sapa oyate omaka kiktopa nunge yamni hehanyan kutkiya aku.  Makoce Owaunspe, wamanica huhu ed wayaka pi tokce tka napin tokedked iwanyaka pi kin tokce sni.  Makoce Owaunspe he Ikce Wicasta eceyeda hed isnana unspeiciciyapi.  Wiconi akab he iyohpiya taku yawa he sni.  Heka kta tohantu wan tuwe wowapi kaga pte heced iyukcan pi.  Makoce Owaunspe taku ota toktokca etanhan wo-okahnige Ikce Wicasta pi kin icupi.

Itokab wicoh’an taku ota ikoyake takunkun ode pi kin hehan wowapi kage pi wicoh’an kin nina ota.

Shifting Northern Shorelines

When the great ice sheets of the last Ice Age locked away sea water around the world, ocean levels dropped exposing the Beringia Land Bridge. Connecting Siberia to Alaska, this low-lying zone was rich in wildlife and rimmed the top edge of what would become the Pacific Ocean. Over this convenient, fertile migration path, both man and animal crossed into new territories.

Makoce Tokca Aye

Mini caga kin he ahan Mini Tanka kin hena Ina Makoce ataya mini ota tohantu puze hece waziyata makoce cankaga puze. Hece he Iyasica Makoce qa Kaya Makoce kin kutkiya maka sabyeda wasteh yanke hehan oma ecetanhan Pacific Mini Tanka Ic’ikage. Hece Ikce Wicasta pi kin qa wamanica icokab makoce ed okabdaya nin pi.

Permafrost Archaeology

The permafrost preserves DNA for 10,000 to several 100,000 years. This provides newly available and extremely useful material for study in the evolution of animals with new techniques in genetics.

Caga Wounspe Tani

Caga Wounspe Tani kin taku owasina tanyan tasag yanke, omaka opanwega kiktopa nunge hehanyan. Deca un he taku ok’ek’ega pi hena tanyan ed unspeiciciya pi.

The Ice Age is amazing because it’s the first time Archeologists and Palaeontologists worked together.

Caga Wiconi taku kin he taheke. Makoce Owaunspe wicasta pi kin qa Wamica Huhu wicasta pi kin napin unspeiciciyapi.

Woolly Mammoth Tusk

Pasu Hinjbe Tahe

The dramatic image of early man hunting Woolly Mammoths is exciting, baffling, intimidating and awe-inspiring, but that is just one part of the story. As early people moved across the continent, they followed where the land and climate directed them. Their settlements dot the path of their travels, and we can follow them across the modern border of Alaska, into the Yukon where new evidence is coming to light.

Iyuskinyan tokedked wihnipi kin hena wicoiye kin nina iyukcanpi kin ed owa wayakapi. Ikce wicastapi tokedked omani unpi kin nakun ed wayakapi.

The Giants We Hunted

Wamanica Tonka Waoke Unyanpi

The vast expanse of the steppes of Beringia was an epic landscape teeming with giants. The most iconic was the great woolly mammoth and its cousin the mastodon. Other megafauna that traveled in herds include the steppe bison, western camel, saiga antelope and ice age horse. More solitary was the short-faced bear and the giant beaver.

Makoce Beringia iciyapi kin he wamanica tani ota hed peji otahca heca on hed omanipi.