*

Episode 4 – Wild Archaeology

Sept. 27, 2016

7:30pm (ET) (MT) (HD)

Oct. 1, 2016

1:00pm (ET) (MT) (PT) (HD)

Inuvialuit

Waziyata Ikce Wicastapi

Episode 4 Synopsis

With our rapidly changing climate, precious artifacts in the Canadian Western Arctic are in danger of being lost forever into the sea. On their first solo mission, Jen and Jacob go to Richards Island, NWT, to help with a salvage archaeological project. As the two co-hosts race against time, one of them pulls ahead in their artifact-finding competition.

Owanyanka pi Itopa – Iyohpiya Wowapi Wanyaka pi

Oniyapi kin dehan ocib kata aye naka, taku ota teunhindapi kin makoce ocib mni ohna iyaye. Isnaked, Jen, Jacob kci, Richards Island, NWT hed Makoce owaunspe kitina owicakiyapi. Wanji he tokaha taku iyeya naka omankinhe steda. Tukte wanji taku iyeye kte he skatapi.

Dr. Max Friesen

Professor, University of Toronto

Max Friesen is an arctic archaeologist investigating the destruction of coastal archaeology in the Mackenzie Delta due to climate change, rising sea levels and thawing permafrost. Working in collaboration with the Inuvialuit Cultural Resource Centre, Dr. Friesen identifies sites at risk to target for excavation and salvage of irreplaceable cultural heritage resources.

Dr. Max Friesen

Wayawawicakiya Toronto Owaunmspe Tipi

Max Friesen, Makoce Owaunspe Wicasta waziyata hed waecun. McKenzie Delta ed taku osice kin hena ed wanyake. Tokanu oniyan kin qa mini wakan ku qa maka tasake kin hena jdo aye hena iwanyanke. Inuvialuit Cultural Resource Centre hed iwanyanka pi. Tuktekted makoce wanjigjida tokanu hececa iyohpiya hed wanyaka pi.

It’s our first solo mission without Dr. Rudy and we are going basically as far north as you can go.

Wicoh’an kin de unkisnana ed waunyaka pte. Dr. Rudy ounkiyapi kte sni hece waziyata wakantu hce hetkiya da pte kin han, waste kte.

Inuvialuit of the Great Mackenzie Delta

Ikce Wicasta McKenzie Mini Hahada Tonka Etanhan

A major Inuvialuit community settled at the mouth of the great Mackenzie River because of the seasonal congregation of beluga whales. A daring endeavour, Beluga whale hunting involves a group of Invialuit hunters in rows of kayaks with harpoons and sealskin floats challenging the frigid arctic waters for this rich food source, to sustain their families through the long cold winters. Wamanica tonka niwe hena ota McKenzie mini hahada ed unpi hece Ikce Wicasta ija mini hahada kin hed ohomini tipi.

Beluga, Bowhead and Baleen

Beluga, Bowhead and Ballen Wamanica Tanka Niwe

While beluga was the most numerous whale at the mouth of the Mackenzie, the great prize of traditional whaling was the bowhead and baleen whales which could reach 20m in length. This required larger boats, crews and a whole other kind of organization.Beluga he nina otapi McKenzie Mini Hahaha ed , nina hmuka pi. Ikce wicasta hena wahinpe tanka kici, qa wata wan qa mini sunka akan niwe unpi.

It’s pretty incredible because you don’t even really need to dig here; there are artifacts literally everywhere.

Tohanyan maka k’a pte hehanyan sni. Taku ota maka akan ekceked yanke.

Reconstructing the Driftwood Houses of the Arctic

The cruciform communal houses of the Gupuk site were dug deeply into the ground with a roof structure of driftwood and sod. Trees don’t grow this far north, but the current of the Mackenzie River carries wood from the south. These residences likely housed 20-25 people on raised benches around a central, communal area. LIDAR and 3D laser scanning let us reconstruct this, capturing tens of thousands of points in 3D space in seconds. Thanks to visualization software, we can crawl down through the low tunnel entrance, and up into the dimly lit community space of the Siglit family.

Waziyata tipi kin hena akab ake kaga pte heced iyukcan pi.

Gupuk oyate tib hena, maka ogtatiya unspa kaga pi. Can dehanyan icage sni naka McKenzie Mini haha hetanhan wankantkiya u. Tipi kin hena ikce wicasta wikcemna num is wikcemna num som zaptan otipi. Ikcewicasta pi kin mini sni akan waoke pi, Ikce winyan pi kin taku wamanica wica wicaktepe kin hena owas paksaksa pi qa spanyanpi.

Arctic Tools Waziyata Wipikicantan

Beluga, seal and caribou bone were abundant and durable raw materials for making weapons and tools. Every tool had its use. Every use had its shape. Great care and ingenuity were devoted to highly specific implements that embodied the spirit and story of the people who made them.Wamanica tanka, mini sunka qa waziya tahca huh u ota naka hena ihuniya unpi.