PEOPLE OF THE LONGHOUSE
Rudy prepares Jen and Jacob for their first mission of Wild Archaeology’s Second Season: The team is heading to Southern Ontario to excavate a 16th century palisaded Iroquois village at the Lawson site, the longest continuously investigated archaeological site in North America. While Jen and Jacob dig, Dr. Rudy explores the Sustainable Archaeology Lab and their high resolution micro-CT scanner. Later the team travels to the Kayanase longhouse for dancing lessons and to learn more about the Six Nations of the Grand River.
Sustainable Archaeology: 3D Scanning
Hilary Kiazyk demonstrates how to use a 3D scanner to digitize artifacts for further analysis and preservation at the Sustainable Archaeology lab in London, Ontario. First, Hilary scans the artifact, and then the replica is printed, layer by layer. Once curing is complete, the replica is ready to be ‘excavated.’
VR: Sustainable Archaeology
Join Hilary at the Sustainable Archaeology lab for guided tour of her lab and an up-close view of 3D scanning artifacts!
The Lawson Site
The Lawson Site at the Ontario Museum of Archaeology includes an excavation site as well as a reconstructed palisade, longhouse and garden.
This five- acre village was once home to over 2000 people and occupied year-round. Archaeologists believe it was once a centre of trade and interaction with other indigenous peoples based on artifacts found here: marine shells from the Atlantic seaboard, copper from Lake Superior, as well as artifacts from Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Illinois.
“We’re standing in a longhouse, you can see it’s all bark and pole structure, all of this from an archaeological point of view — doesn’t exist. Everything below ground is what we can document — all organic materials have long since disappeared.”
Analyzing Pottery Shards
The shaping of pottery often produced bits of debris and residual clay, invaluable for piecing together techniques and tools used in the past. Pottery was used for a variety of purposes, from transporting water to preparing and cooking corn soups.
The knowledge required for making ceramic pots was passed from mother to daughter, on through generations. Women selected and mixed the clay by hand, using an anvil-like flat stone to shape the walls of the pot, applying decorative elements while the clay was still malleable.
“It demonstrates the fact this is a real community, where the village is raising the children to take the place of the older ones as they age.”
Lacrosse: The Creator’s Game
Modern lacrosse descends from games played by Iroquois and Algonquin communities for a thousand years or more. Traditionally, each team included 100 to 1,000 men on a field that stretched from 50 meters to three kilometers long.
These games could last several days from sun up to sun down. People played lacrosse to train young warriors for battle, to settle disputes between feuding nations, and to give thanks to the Creator.
Bertha Skye webisode description coming soon.